Burlington County New Jersey
American History & Genealogy

Description from 1843

*Burlington County, New Jersey, lies chiefly on the Delaware River, but extends across the state, to the Atlantic ocean. The soil is chiefly alluvial, consisting of sand, gravel, loam and clay, variously mixed. It furnishes valuable pine timber, and bog iron ore. Marl abounds, particularly in the west parts. It is watered by Assunpink, Crosswick's, Black's, Craft's, Assiscunk, Rancocus, and Pensauken creeks, which flow into the Delaware. In Springfield township is a well, which converts wood into stone. Blocks of hickory, cut in the form of hones, have been converted into stone in 5 years. There were in 1840, neat cattle 16,863, sheep 15,102, swine 20,396; wheat 90,836 bushels produced, rye 253,346, Indian corn 577,520, buckwheat 39,542, oats 197,180, potatoes 193,126; 129 stores with a capital of $364,450; 4 fulling mills, 1 woollen factorie, 1 cotton factorie with 2,500 spindles; 1 dyeing and printing establishment, 3 furnaces, 7 tanneries, 19 distilleries, 3 potteries, 3 paper factories, 34 grist mills, 46 saw mills, 1 printing office, 3 weekly newspapers. Capital in manufactures $807,670.
It has 6 academies with 135 students, 101 schools with 7,125 scholars.
Population: 1830, 31,066; 1840, 32,831.

*Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843


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Atlantic County Camden County Mercer County
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